First Study of prevalence and risk factors for abdominal wall hernia in the Central Russian population

Medical history of 10 > years was taken and clinical examination was performed for residents of Kryukovo rural community (Central Russia). Abdominal wall hernias have been found in 20.9% of population, including 298 men and 485 women (mean age 49.3).

Umbilical hernias was found in 10.2%, groin hernias in 8.3%, incisional in 2.4% of residents. 72% of individuals with hernia reported local pain. 70% had never asked for medical advice before, 30% had undergone hernia repair before. Male gender, age, family history were confirmed as risk factors for any hernia with OR 3.9, 1.03 and 2.7, respectively (p < 0.01). For groin hernias male gender, age, family history and rough labour were confirmed with ORs 9.2, 1.03, 2.9 (p < 0.01) and 2.1 (p < 0.05). Risk factors for umbilical hernias were male gender with OR 2.2 (p < 0.01), age, family history and BMI with ORs 1.02, 1.8 and 1.08 (p < 0.05).

This study is the first to demonstrate prevalence of abdominal wall hernias and its risk factors in Russia. The results confirm that hernias are common in a general population pointing the need for improvement of surgical activity.


Sazhin A, Zolotukhin I, Seliverstov E, Nikishkov A, Shevtsov Y, Andriyashkin A, Tatarintsev A, Kirienko A. Prevalence and risk factors for abdominal wall hernia in the general Russian population. Hernia. 2019. doi: 10.1007/s10029-019-01971-3.